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Introductory Organic Chemistry II

  • CHEM 222
  • 3 credits
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 206, 221


Introduction to the use of IR and NMR spectroscopy for the identification of simple organic compounds. Benzene and aromatic compounds: aromaticity, electrophilic aromatic substitution, nucleophilic aromatic substitution, substituent effects.

Chemistry of aldehydes and ketones: nucleophilic addition, oxidation, reduction, and condensation reactions, tautomerism. Chemistry of carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Chemistry of alcohols, ethers, and related compounds. Amines: basicity, reactions.

Lectures and laboratory.

Organic Synthesis

  • CHEM 424
  • 3 credits
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 222, 235, 324


This course is concerned with synthetic strategy and design. It provides an introduction to advanced synthetic methods and reagents, involving heteroatoms such as sulphur, phosphorus, tin and selenium, as well as an overview of the uses of protecting groups in organic chemistry.

The concept of retrosynthesis and a few asymmetric reactions are discussed using syntheses of natural products from the literature as examples.

Spectroscopy and Structure of Organic Compounds

  • CHEM 393
  • 3 credits
  • Prerequisites: CHEM 221, 222


This course examines the identification of organic compounds using methods based on electronic, vibrational, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopies. In each case, there is an introduction to the principles of the spectroscopy and a discussion of how its spectra vary with structure.

Particular emphasis is placed upon the UV-visible spectra of conjugated molecules; the identification of functional groups by IR spectroscopy; the use of NMR spectroscopy, including 2D methods, for the determination of stereochemistry; and the use of mass spectrometry for ascertaining molecular constitution.

The use of computer simulation and information retrieval for structure determination is introduced.

Lectures and laboratory.


Concordia University